When it comes to eye glaucoma treatment, there are several different types of medications in the form of eye drops that can be used. Each type of eye drop has different ways of treating glaucoma and are effective in their own way.
Prostaglandin analogs is a type of glaucoma medication that can be found in the forms of Xalatan, Lumigan, Travatan, and Zioptan. Prostaglandin analogs work by increasing the outflow of fluid from the eye to prevent pressure buildup. Side effects may include changes in iris color, the growth of eyelashes, droopy eyelids, sunken eyes, eye redness, and itching.
Beta blockers, another glaucoma medication in eye drop form, can be found in the prescription Timolol. They are the second most used type of eye glaucoma treatment, mainly because they tend to be the most inexpensive. Beta blockers work by simply decreasing the production of fluid in the eye. The potential side effects can be minimalized greatly by simply closing the eyes after the eye drop application. Potential side effects are low blood pressure and changes in cardiac activity.
Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors, which are available in the form of eye drops and pills, treat glaucoma by reducing eye pressure through the reduction of fluids. Examples of glaucoma medication associated with this type are Trusopt, which are eye drops, and Diamox, which are pills. Side effects for this form of eye glaucoma treatment may include tingling, loss of strength in limbs, depression, memory problems, kidney stones, and frequent urination.
Alpha agonists are the most popular type of glaucoma medication, and they can be found as Alphagan and Iopidine. Alpha agonists are the most effective on this list because they both work to decrease fluid production in the eye, but they also increase fluid drainage. Alpha agonists are also more effective in deterring side effects. Some reactions are caused by preservatives contained in the eye drops themselves, and can occur with new patients. Reactions may even appear as another ocular surface disease. Alpha agonists are preservative free, and therefore patients who use them do not have an issue from the preservatives. Side effects are minor and may include burning and stinging upon application, and possibly fatigue, headaches, and drowsiness.
Rho khinase inhibitors are a new form of glaucoma medication, released just this year. The type of medication increases the drainage of fluids from the eye. It can be found in the form of Phopressa. Possible side effects for rho khinase inhibitors are eye redness, stinging, and small bleeds on the whites of the eyes.
There are forms of glaucoma medication that combine types of eye drops. Examples of this are Cosopt, which is made up of beta-blockers and carbonic anhydrase inhibitors, as well as Combigan, which has both beta blockers and alpha agonists. Combined forms of medication carry the treatments and possible side effects of the types within them. Eye glaucoma medication can only be prescribed, so please see a qualified Ophthalmologist to begin treatment.